Syllabus of CSS Political Science

Paper 1

Part A (50 Marks)

Western Political Thought Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Mill, Bentham,Hegel, Marx, Lenin,Mao, Gramsci, Karl Popper, Pierre Bourdieu, John Rawls, Frances Fukuyama, Foucault, Derrida, Kierkegaard, Jean Paul Sartre, Rene Descartes.

Muslim Political Thought Al-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Ibn Rushd, Imam Ghazali, Ibn Taymiyyah, Nizam-ul-MulkTusi, Ibn Khaldun, Shah
Waliullah, Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Jamaluddin Afghni, Rashid Rida.

Part B (50 Marks)

State System
The nature and emergence of modern nation-state system, Islamic concept of state and Ummah.

Comparative Politics
Political Socialization, Political Culture, Political Development, Political Recruitment, Social Change, Civil Society, Violence and Terrorism in Politics, Gender and Politics, Women Empowerment.

Political Institutions and Role of Government
Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Political Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy. Forms of Government:
Monarchy, Democratic, Dictatorship, Totalitarian/Authoritarian, Unitary, Federal, Confederation, Presidential
and Parliamentary.

Political Concept (Western and Islamic)
Sovereignty, Justice, Law, Liberty, Freedom, Equality, Rights and Duties, Human Rights,Political Authority and Power.
Political Participation
Political Change and Revolution, Elections, Electoral System, Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political Parties,Pressure Groups and Lobbies.
Political Ideologies
Capitalism, Marxism, Communism, Socialism, Totalitarism, Fascims, Nationalism, Islamic Political Ideology.

Local Self Government
Theory and practice of Local Self-Government with special reference to Pakistan, Comparative analyses
of systems of local governance, Public Administration and Public Policy.

Paper 2

Part A (30 Marks)

Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems
Political System of U.S.A, U.K, France and Germany

Global and Regional Integration
Globalization and Politics, Global Civil Society, Regional politico-economic integration andorganizational
structure of the European Union, SAARC, ECO, International Financial Regimes IMF and WTO.

Part B (70 Marks)

Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems
Political system of Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, India and China.

Government and Politics in Pakistan
Constitution making from 1947 -1956, A comparative and critical analysis of 1956, 1962, 1973Constitutions of Pakistan, Constitutional Amendments up-to-date, Federal Structurein Pakistan, and Central-Provincial relations after 18th amendment, Political Culture of Pakistan, Political Developments and the Role of Civil and Military Bureaucracy, Judiciary, Feudalism, Dynastic Politics, Political Parties and Interest Groups, Elections and Voting
Behavior, Religion and Politics, Ethnicity and National Integration.

Also, External Factors like International Power Structure, International Organizations, WorldPublic Opinion
and Reaction of other States.

Political Movements in India (Colonial Period)
Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia and Pakistan Movement (with special referenceto the role of
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah)

International Relations
History of International Relations: Post World War-II (WW-II) Period. Foreign Policy
of Pakistan:

National Interests and Major Determinants
1). Size/Geography 2). Economic Development
3). Security 4). Advancement in Technology
5). National Capacity 6). Political Parties/Leadership
7). Ideology 8). National Interest
9). Role of Press/Bureaucracy 10). Social Structure
11). Public Opinion 12). Diplomacy.
13). Foreign Policy-making Process in Pakistan